发表日期:2018-10-01 19:05  文章来源:未知     点击:


put down 放下

shut down 把…关上

cut down 砍掉

come down 下来,落下

slow down 减缓,放慢

sit down 坐下

write down 写下

get down 下来,降落


after all 毕竟,终究

after that 于是,然后

day after day 日复一日地

one after another 相继,挨次

soon after 不久以后

the day after tomorrow 后天


come up with 想出,提出

catch up with 赶上

wake up 弄醒,醒来

send up 发射

open up 开设,开办

grow up 长大

pick up 拾起,捡起

hands up 举手

eat up 吃光

clean up 打扫干净

give up doing sth.=stop doing sth. 放弃做某事


arrive at/in + n. 到达

get to +n. 到达

reach + n. 到达


getback 退还,送回去,取回

give back 归还

come back 回来

at the back of 在…的后面

on the way (back)home 在回家路上


at least 至少

at breakfast 早餐时

at desk 在桌前

at once立刻,马上

at school 在上学

at the same time 同时

at work 在工作

be good at=do well in 擅长

laugh at 嘲笑

notat all 一点也不

at first 起初

at night 在晚上

at noon 中午

at the age of / when sb. wasyears old 在…岁时

at last / in the end / finally 最后、终于

at the beginning of the twenty-firstcentury 21世纪初

at the end of 在…终点,结尾

at the moment /now现在

at the foot of 在…脚下

at Christmas 在圣诞节

at any moment 任何时候

at times/sometimes 有时,偶尔

at the doctor在医务室

be bad at不擅长


for example 例如

for ever 永远

be good for 对…有益

be bad for 对…有害

for long=for a long time 长期

for short 简称

be short for 是…的简称

TV is short for television


come true 实现

come down 下来

come from=be from 来自,出生于

come in/into 进入,进来

come on 赶快

come over 过来

come along 走吧,过来,快点

come and go 来来去去

come up 上来

come out 出来,()开,(照片)冲洗出来


even though=even if 即使、虽然、尽管


be pleased with 对…感到满意

be covered with 被…覆盖

be expected to do sth. 被期望做某事

be proud of 以…自豪

speak highly of 称赞

be afraid of 害怕

hear of 听说

hear from sb.收到某人的来信

of course=certainly 当然可以

plenty of= a lot of=lots of 许多


by the way 顺便说

by oneself 单独,独自

by the end of 到…为止

by the time (引起时间状语从句)到…的时候

one by one 依次

by air / plane 乘飞机

by bus / train / car 乘公共汽车/火车/轿车

catch a bus 赶公交车

get on / off the bus/下车

take a bus to=go to by bus乘公交车去......


do / try ones best 尽力

do ones homework 做家庭作业

do (the/some) shopping 购物

do the cooking 烹饪

do some cleaning 打扫

do the / some washing 洗衣服

do sport(s) 做运动

do with sb / sth. 处理

well done 干得好


early in the morning 一大早

in the early spring 初春

in my early days 我幼年时期

early bus 早班车


make a contribution to 贡献,捐献

make a telephone call to sb. /ring sb. up/give sb. a call / phone sb. 给某人打电话

connectwith 把…与…连接起来

be close to 靠近(某地)

give birth to (孩子)

lose to sb 输给某人


eitheror 或者…或者…

on either side of the street 街道任何一边

on each side of the street 街道每一边

on both sides of the street 街道两边


keep doing sth. 不停地做某事(表示状态继续)

keep on doing sth. 坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行)

practise doing sth. 练习做某事

enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

finish doing sth. 做完某事

go on doing sth. 继续做某事(同一件事)

go on to do sth. 接着做某事(另一事)


go straight along 沿着…一直往前走

go down 下降

go for a walk 散步

go over 复习

go shopping 买东西

go to the cinema 去看电影

go well 进展顺利

go off to 动身前往

go out 外出

go to work 去上班

go up 上升

want a go 想试一试


think about 考虑

think of 认为,想起,考虑

think over 仔细考虑

think out 想出

talk about 谈论

worry about 担心

How / What about…怎么样?


borrowfrom  向…借…

lendto 把…借给…

from door to door 挨家挨户地

from time to time 时不时地

from now on 从今以后

from then on 从那以后

be different from 与…不同

learnfrom 向…学习...


get dressed 穿衣

get into 进入

get / be lost 丢失

get off / on上车

get on well with sb. 与某人相处得好

get out of 从…出来

get ready for +n. 为…做准备

get ready to do sth. 准备做某事

get / go to sleep (fall asleep) 入睡

be asleep 睡着

get warm 变暧

get well 康复

get a chance 有机会,得到机会


look for 寻找

wait for 等候

look after=take care of 照看

look like 看起来像

look over 检查,复习

look out 小心,从里向外看

look the same 看起来一样

look up 向上看,查单词

look around 环视

look forward to 期望

look through 温习,检查


set off 出发,动身

put off 推迟

keep off 避开,不靠近…

drop off 放下(某物)

turn off 

jump off 跳离

take off (),(飞机)起飞


half a kilo 半千克

half an hour 半小时

in half 分成两半

half of the day 半天


do eye exercises 做眼保健操

do morning exercises 做早操

take (more) exercise ()参加体育锻炼

an exercise book 练习本


take part in 参加

hand in 上交

in hospital 住院

in surprise 吃惊地

in the sun 在阳光下

in trouble 处于困境

in a minute / moment 马上


leave for  动身去某地


feed on 以…为主食

live on 继续活着

base...on... 使...以…为根据

carry on 坚持,继续下去

and so on 等等

on the other hand 另一方面

on foot 步行


be famous for ...著名

be excited about +n./V-ing 对…感到兴奋

be interested in 对…感兴趣

be born 出生

be busy with sth.=be busy doing sth. 忙于…

be amazed at ...感到惊讶


move away 移开

move to ()移到


search the Internet 上网


make sure 确信

make a dialogue 编对话

make a mistake 犯错误

by mistake 错误地

make a noise 吵闹

make faces 做鬼脸

make friends (with) ...交朋友

make room for ...让地方

make tea 沏茶

make money 赚钱

make a decision 作出决定


used to do sth 过去常常做某事

be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事


leave sth+介词短语“把……忘记在某处”


forget to do sth. 忘记做某事

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

decide to do sth. 决定做某事

allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事


hear sb. do (doing)sth. 听见某人做了(正在做)某事


help sb. (to) do sth ./help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

with ones help 在某人的帮助下

with pleasure 乐意


the summer holiday(s) 暑假



step into 走进

pour into 倒入…


in the first 第一

for the first time 第一次

at first 起初

a first language 母语

first of all 首先


leave a message for sb. 给某人留条

give / take sb. a message 给某人捎口信


take photos / pictures 照像

take away 拿走

take out 取出

work out 算出

take care 当心

take medicine 服药

take ones temperature 量体温

take ones time 别着急

take a walk 散步

take place 发生


learn by oneself / teach oneself 自学

learn by heart 背熟


a year and a half (one and a half years ) 一年半


have a try 尝试,努力

try out 尝试,试验

find out / about 找出,查明

have a good / wonderful / great / time 玩得开心

have a (bad) cold ()感冒

have a meeting / walk / watch 开会/散步/比赛

have sports 进行体育活动

have nothing / sth. to do with ...()

have no idea 不知道

have (ones) medicine 服药


offer sb sth. 给某人提供某物


win first prize 获一等奖


all over the world= around the world=throughout the world 全世界


all kinds of 各种各样的


neither nor 既不…也不…


not only  but also  不但…而且...

both and ……和…都...


prefer...to...= likebetter than 比起...来,更喜欢...

prefer + doing to doing sth. 比起做...来更喜欢做...

prefer + to do sth. 更喜欢做...

prefer +to do sth.+ rather than + do sth.宁愿做...而不愿做...

I prefer to walk there rather than go bybus.我喜欢走着去那里,而不愿乘车

prefer + sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事

We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来。


sb.+ spend +time/money +(in) doing sth. 某人花费时间/金钱做某事

I spent over two hours (in) finishing myhomework.我花了两个多小时完成家庭作业。

sb. + spend + time/money + on +sth.某人在某事物上花费时间/金钱

He spent 1,000 on the TV set.他花了一千元买电视机。

sb. + pay + money +for +sth. 花钱买...

He paid ten yuan for the book .他花了10元钱买那本书。

It + takes (will take, / took) + some time + to do sth.做某事花费某人多长时间

Itll take you only ten minutes to get there by bus.乘车去那里将花费你10分钟。

sth+ cost + (sb.) + money 某物花费(某人)多少钱

The dictionary cost me 20 yuan .这本词典花了我二十元。


some day 将来某一天

one day 将来/过去某一天

all day 终日

day and night 日日夜夜

in a day or two 一两天内

in the old days 从前,旧社会

from day to day (day after day) 日复一日

the day before yesterday 前天

the day after tomorrow 后天

Tree Planting Day 植树节

Womens Day 妇女节


is anotherway of saying ......的另一说法

Quick is another way of saying fast.


notuntil 直到…才…


be like ...

feel like +n./V-ing 想要

like...best 最喜欢...

would like to do sth. 想要做某事


the 24 hour clock  24 小时制


wash away 冲走

run away 逃跑

take away 带走


before long 不久

long before/ago 很久以前

for long =for a long time 长期

no longer = not...any longer 不再


more or less = about 或多或少,大约

more than = over 多于,超过


every year 每年

every four years 每隔四年

every other day 每隔一天

everyday English/life 日常英语/生活


next to 紧挨着

next door 隔壁,邻居

next year 明年

next time 下次


receive/get/have a letter from sb. = hearfrom sb 收到某人的来信


on show = on display 展览


be filled with/be full of 充满…


thank to =because of=due to 由于


keep / stop / prevent from doing sth. 防止(阻止)…做某事

stop / preventdoing sth. 防止(阻止)…做某事

stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事

stop doing sth. 停止正在做的事


a place (places) of interest 名胜古迹


three quarters of the information on theInternet 因特网上四分之三的信息

two thirds of the books 三分之二的书


credit card 信用卡


the increasing population 增长着的人口


a path of travel 旅行路线


point at 指向(近处)

point to 指向(远处)


by sea = by ship 乘船

by the sea = on the sea 在海边

at sea在海上


set ones mind to do sth. 一心想做某事


multiplyby 乘以…


See you. 再见。

You see. 你知道,你明白,你瞧

Let me see. 让我想想

see sb. off 给某人送行

see a / the doctor 看病

see sb . do / doing sth. 看见某人做了/正在做某事


someothers... 一些(,)…其他(,)...

oneanother... 一个...另一个...(三者或以上 )

onethe other... 一个…另一个...(总数二个)


be worn out 穿旧,磨坏,疲惫不堪的

check out 核实,检查

write out 写出

take sth. out of 从…拿出/取出某物


in this way 用这种方法

in a few years time 几年以后

in space 在太空

in and out of class 在课内课外

in the last fifteen minutes 在最后十五分钟里

in the second half 在下半场

later in ones life 在某人后半生

in the air 在空中

in the open air 在户外


give sb. an injection 给某人打针 ,

get an injection 打针


have been to 去过某地(回来了)

have gone to 到某地去了(还没回来)


here + be+ 名词+ for+某人

Here is a letter for you. 这儿有你的一封信。


be far behind +某人

He is far behind others. 他落后于别人。


one of + the adj. 最高级+复数名词


take +某物+with +某人 某人随身携带...

Youd better take an umbrella with you. 你最好带上雨伞。


do with + sb. / sth. 处理...

What have you done with the pork? 那些肉你怎么处理了?


mind + if 从句介意如果...

Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?

mind + V-ing 介意

Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?



What do you learn English for? = Why do youlearn English?你为什么学英语?


need + n 需要...

The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.

need +doing 需要被...

This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要被修理。


be used for+ n/doing 被用来...

be used as+n 被作为…使用

be used by+动作执行者被…使用


be made of 由…制造(看得出原材料)

be made from由…制成(看不出原材料)

be made in+地点在某地制造

be made by+sb 由谁制造


more developed countries 发达国家

less developed countries不发达国家

developing countries发展中国家


be worth + money 值多少钱

be worth + doing 值得被…


the Summer Palace 颐和园

Tiananmen Square 天安门广场

the Palace Museum 故宫

the Great Hall of the People 人民大会堂

the Temple of Heaven 天坛

the Great Green Wall 绿色长城

PLA 中国人民解放军

PRC 中华人民共和国

the Party 中国共产党

the League 共青团

Peking Opera 京剧


a digital camera 数字照相机

a doctor for animals = an animal doctor 动物医生


so + /+that 从句 如此...以至于...

The place is so cold that nothing can growin winter.这地方太冷,冬天什么都不长

so + many / few+ 复数名词 +that从句 如此多/少的...以至于...

He has so many books that I dont know which one to borrow. 他有那么多书,我不知道借哪一本。

so + much / little+ 不可数名词+that从句 如此多/少的...以至于...

She has so little money that she cant buy anything .她钱太少,什么也买不到。

so+ 形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that从句 如此...的一个...以至于...

This is so good a book that all of us likereading it。这是如此好的一本书以至于我们都喜欢读。

such +a / an+ 形容词+单数名词+ that从句 如此一个......以至于...

This is such an interesting story that allof us like it。这是如此有趣的一个故事以至于我们都喜欢它。

such +形容词+复数名词+that从句/such +形容词+不可数名词+that从句 如此......以至于...

It is such fine weather today that manychildren are playing outside. 今天天气如此好以至于孩子们都在外面玩。


tell sb about sth.告诉某人关于某事

tell sb+从句告诉某人...

tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事

tell a lie说谎

tell a story讲故事 ,

thank you for +n ./doing 谢谢你…

too + adj. adv. + to do sth. 太…而不能...

too much+名词太多,过分

much too+adj./adv. ...


hope/wish+to do sth./从句 希望...

What do you mean by?= What does mean?…是什么意思?


the number of+ 可数名词复数 ...的数量

a (large good) number of/large numbersof/many +可数名词复数 许多...